Five Areas of a Montessori Classroom

At The Caedmon School you will notice the care and attention that our educators place on the prepared environment. Each of our Montessori classrooms is divided into 5 curriculum areas:

    1. Practical Life  - This area includes life skills to help develop independence, coordination, concentration, and order. This area includes:
      • Care of Self (e.g., learning to use velcro, zippers, buttons, snaps, etc., food preparation, teeth brushing, etc.)
      • Care of Environment (e.g., table washing, watering plants, taking care of pets, etc.)
      • Grace and Courtesy (e.g., moving gracefully, greetings, manners, social interactions, awareness of others, etc.)
    2. Sensorial - Dr. Montessori believed that children learn by using all of their senses. These activities allow the child to refine each of their senses and this area helps to prepares the child for mathematics:
      • Sight (visual)
      • Touch (tactile)
      • Smell (olfactory)
      • Taste (gustatory)
      • Sound (auditory)
      • Stereognostic (kinaesthetic)
    3. Math - This area uses concrete Montessori materials to help the child learn abstract concepts. Each exercise in the math area builds upon another and the child gradually moves from concrete to abstract areas such as place value, addition, subtraction, multiplication, and fractions. 
    4. Language - Language Arts in a Montessori classroom are based on phonetic awareness. Children work through specific hands-on and tactile language materials like sandpaper letters. Language is not an isolated topic but runs through the curriculum. Spoken language is the foundation for writing and eventually for reading. 
    5. Cultural Studies - This area allows the child to explore and learn about the world around them and includes:
      • Geography (e.g., continents, landforms, solar system, etc.)
      • Zoology (e.g., classification and physiology of animals, etc.)
      • Botany (e.g., classification and physiology of plants, etc.)
      • History (e.g., timelines, using a calendar, etc.)
      • Science

We invite you to visit and observe the joy, pride, and independence our students gain as they explore each of these areas of the classroom!

By Saniya Mehdi, Director of Early Childhood Program

After teaching at The Caedmon School for 9 years in all of the grades of the Early Childhood Program, Saniya Mehdi became Director of Early Childhood in 2017. Saniya received her Bachelors and Masters Degrees in Pakistan and upon moving to New York City, she received a Masters Degree in Early Childhood Education from Teachers College Columbia University. She completed the Administrator Montessori certification program through WSMS-TEP. Saniya was born and raised in Pakistan and when not busy at Caedmon or raising her three daughters, she enjoys cooking, reading, and traveling.

Ms. Mehdi